Using “As If” and “As Though” to Make Assumptions in English

It looks as if he is smiling!

As always, I have been making notes about the way my friends and I talk in English. I like to teach you authentic English, which is not necessarily in your school text books. In the class room your teacher may tell you to use “like” to express an assumption. e.g. “The book looks like it has been destroyed in a fire”.

In reality, English speakers would actually say “The book looks as if it has been destroyed in a fire” or “The book looks as though it was destroyed in a fire”.

When to use “as if” and “as though”

We use “as if” and “as though” to express that we think something has happened when we are not 100% sure. If we are 100% positive, then we would say; “The book has been destroyed in a fire. “

Examples of “as if” and “as though”

1. It looks as though it is going to rain tomorrow

Explanation = We can not be 100% certain that it will rain tomorrow, but we may have some evidence that it could happen.

For example, if there are clouds in the sky and the temperature is low, we may say that it looks as though it will rain.

 

2. It looks as if the dog has eaten it!

Explanation = If you are trying to find the cake that you made for your party and it has disappeared after the dog was in the same room, you would probably assume that the dog had eaten it

 

 

3. It looks as though we are going to be late for the bus!

it looks as though we are going to be late for the busExplanation = If the bus leaves the bus stop at 3.30pm and you are still in your house at 3.29pm, it would look as though you would miss the bus. But maybe, if you ran very quickly you would be able to get on in time.

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As always, I have been making notes about the way my friends and I talk in English. I like to teach you authentic English,...
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