1. To Size Up
If you size something/someone up, it means that you are trying to understand them. You might be trying to understand how they think or you might be trying to understand how physically strong they are.
Examples of English Phrasal Verb – To Size Up
1. I had my first boxing match yesterday and I arrived at the boxing ring early so I could size up my competitor – he was HUGE!
2. Juan was the most successful chess player of all time, but he looked worried as he sized up his most recent competitor. I think he knew he was more intelligent.
2. To Big Up
If you big someone/something up you are are showing that you believe it is great.
Examples of English Phrasal Verb – To Big Up
1. Juan went to Disney Land last month and he has been bigging it up ever since. He keeps saying how amazing it was. Perhaps we should go!
2. Maria has been bigging up her best friend recently, apparently she is a fantastic dancer!
3. To Kick Off
If you kick something off, it normally means that you are beginning or starting something.
Examples of English Phrasal Verb – To Kick Off
1. The football game will kick off at 9.30am. Can you be there in time to begin?
2. We had a meeting and it was really awkward because nobody wanted to talk. So to make things more comfortable I decided to kick off the conversation. Then it went really well and everybody felt more comfortable.
4. To Give Up
Sometimes, when you are tired of trying your hardest and you have put a lot of effort into doing something, you cannot continue. In these situations we say that we are “giving up”.
Examples of English Phrasal Verb – To Give Up
1. I’ve tried to pass my driving test ten times but I haven’t got the energy to try again. I give up!
2. Juan was trying to join the police but he gave up when they asked him to use a gun.
5. To Turn Up
If you arrive at a party, or at school, or at work, we say that you have ‘turned up’. It can also be used when talking about music or volume.
Examples of English Phrasal Verb – To Turn Up
1. Our teacher didn’t turn up to class because his bus was delayed. He might turn up later, but we can’t be sure.
2. We were all dancing at the party when Maria turned up late. She look so beautiful!
3. The exam starts at 10:00am but we have been told to turn up at 9:45am.
4. (Music) I can’t hear the music. Could you please turn it up?