My English teacher told me that he would help me study reported speech!
“I took this picture on Portobello road in Notting Hill London. I went because my friend said that I should go because it is a very fun market. He said that I should visit on the weekend. “
When to use Reported Speech in English
We use reported speech to talk about something that has happened or something that other people say or think. Many people find it difficult to understand, but don’t worry, we are here to help!
- She says she want a new car…
- She says she wants to go running…
- I think she loves him….
- Last week you said you didn’t want to go to the pub, but now you’ve changed your mind!
- He told me he is going to ask her to marry him!
- He told me he was feeling ill….
- We thought he was living in Barcelona!
Reported Speech in the Present, Future and Present Perfect
Remember that when you report things in the present, future and present perfect we do not have to change the tense.
- She thinks he really loves her.
- We will tell her that you are going to the hotel.
- She has said that he will do it.
Reported Speech in the Past
Remember that when we are telling somebody what has been said in the past, we normally talk in a way that makes it more obvious that it happened “in the past”.
- Present – You look beautiful
Reported Speech – I told her that she looked very beautiful!
- Present – They are living on a farm in England!
Reported Speech – He told me that they were living on a farm in England!
- Present – My friend James has bought a new house!
Reported Speech – My friend James told me that he had bought a new house last week!
- The phone is ringing!
Reported Speech – Paul told me that the phone was ringing!
- I will help you clean the house!
Reported Speech – John told me that he would help me clean the house!
IMPORTANT = It’s important to remember that when we are using reported speech to report something that was said in the past but is still true in the present, you do not have to make the tense “past”. You have more choice.
“The bus doesn’t stop here anymore.”
- He said that the bus doesn’t stop here.
- He said the bus didn’t stop here.
“I like eating ice-cream in the sun.”
- She said she likes eating ice-cream in the sun.
- She said she liked eating ice-cream in the sun.
Reported speech can be confusing because we often have to change some of the words in the sentence.
We have to change the pronouns when we are using reported speech.
- I said I didn’t want to go.
- Ben said he didn’t want to go.
Words like “here” and “now” need to be changed when you are reporting what was said in a different period or time or place.
For Example……..”I will be there tomorrow morning.”
- (Same day…) – “He said that he would be there tomorrow morning”
- (The next day) – “He said that he would be there this morning”